The predecessor of the African Union (AU), the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the objectives of which are to bring together the voices of the continent, failed to effectively achieve many of the goals it was created for, due to its “non-interference policy,” which entirely refrained countries from intervening in the internal affairs of its Member States. The AU was thus called for establishment in substitution of the OAU.

The African Union, with a vision of forming “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena,” totals 55 African states, consisting of 14 organs including the Assembly, the Executive Council, the Commission, and the Permanent Representatives’ Committee. The guiding body is the Assembly—which is composed of the heads of states and governments or their duly appointed representatives—which is responsible for decision-making.

Pursuant to the AU Constitutive Act, Member States are subjected to sanctions, if acts, such as defaults in the payment of the budget of the Union and defiance of the decision and policies of the Union, occur. Governments are also subjected to suspension if hold to power via unconstitutional means, according to Article 30 of the Act.

 

This topic was chosen with the intention of opening up a dialogue concerning Africa that is not simply fettered to the issues of general adversity, such as poverty and disputes, that are often our first impression towards the discussion, but focusing upon long-term mechanisms such as cooperation and capacity-building that can lead to sustainable development. As everyone knows, two years ago, a horrendous pandemic, Ebola, mercilessly swept across the continent leaving behind tens of thousands of deaths and an indelible imprint on recent medical history. In this pandemic, the first case of Ebola was in south-eastern Guinea in 2003 and as of July of 2015, there were 11,246 confirmed deaths.

Countries that have been affected by Ebola include the following: Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Senegal, Gabon, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Uganda, Republic of Congo, and South Africa. This tragedy can be attributed to one major cause – the lack of timely response. When the virus was rampant on the whole continent, the African Union was notably absent from the response, which in turn brought about the aggravation of the problem. Virus spreads without border constraint, and thus region cooperation is of paramount importance.

Ahead of the conference, delegates are encouraged to conduct some research on the function of related Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) and Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). Africa is a continent that lacks economic resources, and by interacting with such organizations, a better outcome can be expected in similar situations.

王俊凱

王俊凱

Chair

國立台北大學
會計學系三年級

TMUN2015 DISEC Delegate
TWMUN2015 SOCHUM Delegate
PAMUN2015 UNODC Oral Recognition
WMUN2016 AU Delegate
PAMUN2016 ARF Assistant-chair
WHO Simulation 2017 Best Delegate
LIMUN2017 ECOFIN Delegate
MUNACT2017 UNSC Chair

Hi, delegates. I am Lawrence Wang, currently a junior studying Accounting at National Taipei University and I will be chairing for the African Union General Assembly at NTCMUN 2017. First of all, I would like to extend my warmest welcome to all of you. Personally, this is my ninth Model UN conference, my third time chairing and my second time in the committee of African Union General Assembly. I started my MUN journey three years ago. Initially, I wasn’t expecting to stay in the MUN society for this long; however, right after my first conference, everything changed. I began to pursue personal growth and engaged in various kinds of conferences at both the national and international level, which made me a totally different person.

For those who are first-time MUNers, I am sure you are really nervous and not quite sure how the system works. This is understandable. During my first conference, I kept losing track of the process of the house. Despite this, you just need to try as hard as you can to fully engage yourself in the conference, and I am certain that you will have a fruitful experience. For those who have participated in MUN before, there must be a reason for you to keep partaking in this kind of event, so just hold tight to what you believe and you will get what you want. I really look forward to seeing you guys in August and hope you guys will enjoy this amazing conference.

林舒涵

林舒涵

Co-chair

國立政治大學
土耳其語文學系

2011 HSINMUN Human Rights Council
2012 HSINMUN ECOSOC
2013 HSINMUN ECOSOC
2012 TAIMUN GA6
2013 TAIMUN Security Council
2012 TAINANMUN Security Council
2014 TAINANMUN Security Council
2015 PAMUN DISEC
2016 PAMUN IMF
2016 TMUN Security Council
2016PMUN ARF Co-chair
2017 WHO SIMULATION East Mediterranean Best Delegation
2017 TWMUN ICC Co-Chair

I am Anne, currently a sophomore majoring in both Turkish and Law in NCCU. This will be my second chairing experience. For the past five years, I have attended thirteen MUN conferences. My zeal for getting involving in global and social issues compels me to pursue its study anytime I can. Great thanks to Model United Nations, my ability to articulate and shape my ideas about global issues are well-cultivated. It’s extremely indescribable how privileged and humbling it is to work with students coming together from different places to resolve current issues and to demonstrate to the real UN how possible solutions may still be produced despite the daunting issues at hand.

劉克賢 Jason Liu

劉克賢 Jason Liu

Co-chair

國立台灣大學

政治學系國際關係組二年級

Hofstra University MUNC 2014 SPECPOL Delegate
FHMUN 2014 SOCHUM Best Diplomacy
NSMUN 2015 GA-P Outstanding Delegate
TCMUN 2015 SOCHUM Best Delegate
HSNUMUN 2015 UNSC Co-chair
SOUTMUNC 2015 UNSC Outstanding Position Paper
NSMUN 2016 UNDP Honorable Mention
TCMUN 2016 ECOFIN Best Position Paper
HSMUN 2016 Crisis Committee GPTOS Delegate
PAMUN 2016 ASEAN Regional Forum Oral Recognition
NMUN 2017 ECOFIN Outstanding Position Paper

Greetings to all distinguished delegates! I’m Jason Liu, currently a rising sophomore majoring in Political Science Division of International Relations in National Taiwan University, and I am now the head of academics in NTUMUN. Since my first MUN conference in 10th grade, I became an active MUN participant, attending about 11 conferences both domestic and abroad. As a person having strong interests in the field of international relations, MUN provides an ideal platform for me to discuss, think, and attempt to find solutions for various issues. I will push myself to the limit to make this conference great and unforgettable. See you all in August!